Information Central (c) Larry Larsen
ANGLER'S GUIDE TO
BLACK CREEK CANAL (C-1)
Courtesy Florida Game and Fresh WaterFish Commission
801 NW 40th Street, Boca Raton, Florida 33431
DESCRIPTION--Black Creek Canal (C-1) is located in Cutler Ridge (southeastern Miami-Dade County), and it has two main branches (C-1N and C-1W). The main canal flows
southeasterly from three flood control structures (S-148, S-149, and S-122) to the salinity control structure at SW 87th Avenue. The S-122 structure at Franjo Road separates Black Creek
from the Cutler Drain Canal (C-100B).
The 9.3 miles of navigable Black Creek canals were constructed in the mid-1900s as part of a large flood control
project. These canals were box-cut into the coral rock substrate and have near vertical walls. The main canal
ranges from 40 to over 150 feet wide, and averages about 12 feet deep. The lateral canals are from 35 to 55
feet wide and 6 to 12 feet deep. Water clarity in parts of Black Creek (particularly C-1N) often exceeds 12 feet which allows anglers to see fish on the bottom.
From the boat ramp it is 1.3 miles east to the S-21 salinity structure, 1.8 miles north to the junction of C-1W
Canal, and 3.8 miles north to the flood control structure at Franjo Road. Much of the shoreline is residentially
developed, although the lower portion south of Old Cutler Road is primarily agricultural with overhanging
vegetation on one shoreline. Although it runs past 'Mt. Trash-More' (a large county landfill), Black Creek has a
high quality fishery and offers anglers an overall interesting and pleasant angling experience. For help with flights
or hotels in the area, click here
DIRECTIONS TO BOAT RAMP--Exit the Turnpike Extension at SW 211th Street (Cutler Ridge), go south (straight)
to SW 216th Street (Hainlin Mill Road), turn east (left) to Old Cutler Road, go south (right) then east (left) on
SW 224th Street, and south (right) at stop sign on SW 97th Avenue. Cross the canal and immediately turn right
on gravel entrance to boat ramp. This isolated location doesn't have any bathrooms or other facilities, but the
one-lane ramp is paved and in good condition. NOTE: Vandalism is known to occur at this ramp and special care should be taken to secure your valuables and vehicle.
GENERAL FISHING INFORMATION--Black Creek was the first canal the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission stocked with butterfly peacock (August 1984). They were introduced to eat the abundant and
undesirable exotic fishes, and to provide more sportfishing opportunities for anglers in the metropolitan Miami-Ft.
Lauderdale area. Even though Black Creek receives a large amount of fishing pressure, many butterfly peacock continue to be caught here.
Fallen trees, canal intersections, sharp bends, and dead ends are generally productive areas for catching most
species of fish. Sportfishes also congregate in the shade of bridges, culverts, and other structures. Shoreline
vegetation, rip-rap areas, and even some residential seawalls (particularly in lateral canals) also provide good
fishing opportunities. If there is a strong current in the main canal, spend more time fishing lateral canals and
other areas that offer refuge from the current (e.g., cut-outs, bridge pilings, and the downstream side of spillways).
Black Creek Canal has a lot of harvestable butterfly peacock and largemouth bass (about 30%) that are greater
than 14 inches. Trophy peacock (those greater than five pounds) have been caught from this and other area
canals, and we expect the current 9.08 pound state record to ultimately exceed 10-11 pounds. Overall, butterfly
peacock average 13 inches and 1.3 pounds, and largemouth bass average 13.4 inches and 1.2 pounds. The bag
limit for butterfly peacock is two fish per day, only one of which can be greater than 17 inches.
Fishing for butterfly peacock is usually best from March through May, but they are caught consistently
throughout the year. This fish feeds only during daylight and normally close to shore, although schooling
peacocks sometimes feed aggressively in open water. Butterfly peacock are more likely to be caught using live
fish such as small golden shiners for bait than are largemouth bass, which make them an excellent fish for
younger anglers, as well as those just learning to bass fish. For those who enjoy fishing with artificial lures, just
about any fast moving minnow imitating plug or fly can be used to entice a peacock.
Black Creek and other area canals receive a great deal of fishing pressure so we encourage anglers to release
most, if not all of the butterfly peacock, largemouth bass, and snook they catch. If anglers don't release a
majority of the sportfish they catch, these high quality fisheries will deteriorate rapidly.